Acheulean Archaeology in Sudan based on newly discovered sites at Hudi depression east of Atbara River

Ahmed Hamid Nassr Hmad1

  1. Faculty of Arts, School of Archaeology & Tourism, University of Al Neelain, Khartoum, Sudan; Email:


Sudan, located in north east Africa, is one of the most plausible geographical corridor out of Africa. Thus, its location potentially makes it a unique region for interdisciplinary archaeological research. Research on Stone Age Archaeology in Sudan started in the early 1940 and many Late Stone Age sites were discovered and excavated. As a result, there is abundant data to shed light on the general picture of late prehistoric Archaeology in Sudan. However, there is lack of earlier Stone Age materials, with the exception of some MSA sites documented in northern Sudan, characterized by the presence of Levallois technology.
Eastern Desert of Lower Atbara River (EDAR) Stone Age Archaeology is a joint research project between the University of Neelain (Sudan) and the University of Wroclaw (Poland), focused on Stone Age archaeological sites east of the Lower Atbara river. Many Early and Late Stone Age sites have been documented following surveys and excavations undertaken over the past three years. The third fieldwork season conducted in September 2017, was directed by the author and a team from University of Neelain and funded by Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research of Sudan. Archaeological exploration, GIS and systematic surveys were carried out and several sites were discovered including two diagnostics Acheulean sites. This paper reports on the context of these sites and the nature of the stone artifacts. The sites setting, and assemblage characteristics show similarities with and early and middle Acheulean sites in east Africa, which will shed light on Out of Africa I debate from the eastern part of Sudan perspective.

Type Poster
Langue du texte intégral English
Thématiques AFR.001: Recent Advances in Early Stone Age Studies in Africa, New Insights on the Oldowan and the Acheulian Stone Technology
Mots-Clés Sudan; Acheulian; Early Paleolithic; systematic survey; handaxes;
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